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Evidence That Juvenile Jails Don’t Work

What follows  is important information needed to understand our juvenile justice system and how it is failing us in many ways.  The evidence suggests that jailing juveniles doesn’t rehabilitate and appears to cause more harm than good.  This was originally posted earlier this year, but in light of renewed discussions on how to curb violence in America, a review of our Juvenile Justice system is appropriate.

No Place for Kids: The Case for Reducing Juvenile Incarceration

The Annie E. Casey Foundation’s new report, No Place for Kids: The Case for Reducing Juvenile Incarceration assembles a vast array of evidence to demonstrate that incarcerating kids doesn’t work: Youth prisons do not reduce future offending, they waste taxpayer dollars, and they frequently expose youth to dangerous and abusive conditions. The report also shows that many states have substantially reduced their juvenile correctional facility populations in recent years, and it finds that these states have seen no resulting increase in juvenile crime or violence. Finally, the report highlights successful reform efforts from several states and provides recommendations for how states can reduce juvenile incarceration rates and redesign their juvenile correction systems to better serve young people and the public.


State-level data:


Download the Map of Recurring Maltreatment in Juvenile Correctional Facilities in the U.S. (2.17 KB)


Map Pinpoints Where Children Are Being Sexually Abused. Why Aren’t We INVESTIGATING?

The trial and conviction of former Penn State football coach, Jerry Sandusky,  for child sexual abuse allowed many people to hear  for the first time the graph details that makes these crimes so repulsive.   Civil hearings on child sexual abuse cases usually take place in closed courtrooms for the protection of these young victims.  In this case, however, the victims are now adults, the trial was public and very high profile.  People paid attention and learned just how violent these child rapes are.   This made it  easy to see just how destructive these betrayals of a child’s trust are and why it scars children for life.

This may be a good point to consider the scope of the child sexual abuse problem.   Perhaps the information presented below will have greater resonance than when first posted a number of months ago.  Each red dot on the map below is a Sandusky type horror story for some innocent child in America.   So what are we going to do about it???

The map below shows the locations of hundreds of thousands of criminals trafficking in child abuse images… and the locations of many of their U.S. child victims. Produced by the Wyoming Attorney General’s Office, and based on investigations by Internet Crimes Against Children (ICAC) law enforcement task forces, it was introduced as evidence in U.S. House and Senate hearings in 2007-2008. The red dots represent unique computers seen by the ICACs trafficking in video and photos of very young children being raped. These images are often called “child pornography,” but they are actually crime scene recordings.


Most of these children wait for a rescue that will never come. They are in extreme danger and law enforcement knows where they are. Investigators go home every night knowing there are thousands of children out there beyond their reach, because they have not been given the resources they need to rescue them.

See The Ed Show Segment on this issue
Watch a Video Plea From Children
Go to Protect for More Detailed Information
Take Action
View my post on Child Fatality Risk Factors (Because child sexual abuse is not the only problem our children face every day)

One Way State Policies Impacts Children’s Lives

Investing in Public Programs Matters: How State Policies Impact Children’s Lives

Read more here:  http://bit.ly/zbNSSY

 This report focuses on the results of the 2012 STATE Child Well-Being Index (CWI) which is a comprehensive state-level index of child well-being modeled after the Foundation for Child Development’s (FCD) NATIONAL CWI.
The key findings from this study are:
Higher State Taxes Are Better for Children. States that have higher tax rates generate higher revenues and have higher CWI values than states with lower tax rates.
Public Investments in Children Matter.
The amount of public investments in programs is strongly related to CWI values among states. Specifically, higher per-pupil spending on education, higher Medicaid child-eligibility thresholds, and higher levels of Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) benefits show a substantial correlation with child well-being across states.
A Child’s Well-Being Is Strongly Related to the State Where He or She Lives. Child well-being varies tremendously from state to state, ranging from a 0.85 index value for New Jersey, the highest ranked state, to a negative 0.96 index value for New Mexico, the lowest-ranked state. The six states that had the highest CWI values were New Jersey, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Utah, Connecticut, and Minnesota. On the other end of the spectrum, Arizona, Nevada, Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, and New Mexico were found to have the lowest index values.

The STATE CWI draws from the most comprehensive set of data used to form a state index of child well-being. With these data, the STATE CWI ranks children’s well-being in seven different domains for each state and compares them across states. In addition to state rankings, this report includes new findings about the strength of relationships between state policies and selected economic and demographic factors indicative of child well-being.
Read more:

http://bit.ly/yNZiui  – Analyzing State Differences in Child Well-Being
William O’Hare
The Annie E. Casey Foundation
Mark Mather and Genevieve Dupuis
Population Reference Bureau
January 2012
http://bit.ly/zbNSSY  –  Investing in Public Programs Matters:

                                      How State Policies Impact Children’s Lives
                                      2012 STATE Child and Youth Well-Being Index (CWI)

Child Well-Being Index (CWI)

The FCD Child Well-Being Index (CWI) is a national, research-based composite measure updated annually that describes how young people in the United States have fared since 1975. The NATIONAL CWI, released publicly for the first time in 2004, is the nation’s most comprehensive measure of trends in the quality of life of children and youth. It combines national data from 28 indicators across seven domains into a single number that reflects overall child well-being. The seven quality-of-life domains are Family Economic Well-Being, Health, Safe/Risky Behavior, Educational Attainment, Community Engagement, Social Relationships, and Emotional/Spiritual Well-Being.


Child Fatality Risk Factors Report


The rate at which children are dying at the hands of family members in this country is shameful and so unbelievable sad. The BBC just did a special about it here: BBC Special Report [http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-us-canada-15288865].


So I thought I would share a guide I developed.   This isn’t a pleasant topic, I know, but it is an important one.


Below are some risk factors associated with higher rates of child deaths from abuse or neglect.  These were drawn from a survey of literature regarding child maltreatment fatalities.    The link above is to the report itself, which you should read.  The points below summarizes some of the information the report contains.  All credit goes to the Academy for Professional Excellence who put out the report. Who knows, blogging this might raise someone’s red flag some day and lead to a timely report for a child at risk, or encourage a struggling parent to ask for help.


If any parents out there are worried about themselves and their children,  and see these attributes as fitting their own circumstances, please seek the support and assistance you need right away. There are a lot of good folks and organizations who are ready to help. See the list of resources below.


(Note to others: Please don’t report a family based only on the fact they have some of these attributes.  That would be wrong and maybe even harmful.  Reports, generally speaking, should be bases on a reasonable suspicion that a caregiver’s actions or inactions have, or could have significantly harmed a child.)




Child Attributes:

–         There is a new born infant in the home

–          A child is under three-years-old (children 3 and under account for over 75% of all fatalities.)

–         A child has medical, behavioral, or developmental problems

–         A child is ill or handicapped

–         A child was born premature

–         An infant has colic

–         A child is hostile, aggressive or excessively fussy

–         A child has disturbed or unusual behaviors

–         A child has a recent history of vomiting, reoccurring medical concerns or multiple hospitalizations


Family Attributes:

–         There are two or more children under 3 years old

–         Family lacks suitable child care availability

–         Family is financially poor

–         Children have different biological fathers

–         Unrelated adults are living in the home

–         Family has a history of severe or repeated instances of maltreatment

–         There are multiple father figures in and out of the home

–         The family has frequent moves


Caregiver Attributes:

–         Lives near or below the poverty line

–         Has a low education level (no high school diploma0

–         Has poor stress coping abilities

–         Has a history of abuse as a child

–         Has had his/her parental rights terminated in the past

–         Is a victim or perpetrator of domestic violence

–         Has a history of violence or criminality

–         Has a problem with substance abuse

–          Has a deficit of skills related to parenting (including ineffective or inconsistent discipline)

–         Has unrealistic expectations about children’s behavior and capabilities

–         Lacks emotional attachment to the child

–         Has mental health problems (e.g. depression)

–         Is socially isolated, without a healthy support system

–         Is a teenage mother, particularly for the second or subsequent child

–         Is a mother who never pursued prenatal care


Click to access SACHS-Child%20Fatalities%20Literature%20Review-Feb%202010.pdf


IN NEW JERSEY:  http://www.state.nj.us/dcf/index.shtml





Childhelp USA®
National Child Abuse Hotline
24 Hours a Day

Child Abuse National Hotline
1-800-252-2873, 1-800-25ABUSE

National Youth Crisis Hotline
National Youth Development
1-800-HIT-HOME (1-800-448-4663)

National Runaway Switchboard
This hot-line is a referral service for youths in personal crisis.

State-by-State Listings:

State Organization Phone
Alabama Dept. of Human Resources 334 242-9500
Alaska 24-hr hotline: 800 478-4444
Arizona Phoenix hotline: 800 541-5781
Arkansas Dept. of Human Services 800 482-5964
California Dept. of Social Services Office of Child Protective Services 916 445-2771
Colorado DenverCounty: 24 hr. hotline 303 727-3000
Connecticut Reporting 24 hrs: 800 842-2599
Delaware Reporting 24 hrs in-state: 800 292-9582
District of Columbia Report child abuse

Report child neglect

202 576-6762

202 727-0995

Florida Abuse Registry 800 962-2873
Georgia Dept. of Human Resources Child Protective and Placement Services Unit: 404 657-3408
Hawaii Dept. of Human Services 24hr hotline: 808 832-5300
Idaho For information and referral to regional office: 208 334-0808
Illinois In-State Parents under stress and Reporting 24 hrs: 800 252-2873
Indiana Reporting: 800 562-2407
Iowa In-state hotline: 800 362-2178
Kansas Reporting 24 hr hotline: 800 922-5330
Kentucky Local Dept. for Social Services or statewide hotline: 800 752-6200
Louisiana 24 hr hotline: 504 925-4571
Maine Reporting 24 hrs: 800 452-1999
Maryland County office of Dept. of Human Resources: Child Protective Services. Click here for Phone Listings
Massachusetts 24 hr hotline: 800 792-5200
Michigan 24 hr. hotline: 800 942-4357
Minnesota County office of Dept. of Social Services. Click here for Phone Listings
Mississippi 24 hr hotline: 800 222-8000
Missouri Reporting: 800 392-3738
Montana 24 hr. hotline: 800 332-6100
Nebraska Reporting 24 hrs: 800 471-5128
Nevada 24 hr. hotline: 800 992-5757
New York Reporting 24 hrs: 800 342-3720
New Mexico 24 hr. hotline: 800 432-2075
New Jersey 24 hr. hotline: 877 652-2873
New Hampshire In-state hotline: 800 894-5533
North Dakota Reporting: CountySocial Services or: 701 328-4806
North Carolina 24 hr. hotline: 800 662-7030
Ohio Dept. of Human Services Child Protective 614 466-0995
Oklahoma 24 hr. hotline: 800 522-3511
Oregon Dept. of Human Resources Childrens’ Services Division 503 945-5651
Pennsylvania 24 hr. hotline in-state: 800 932-0313
Puerto Rico 24 hr. hotline: 800 981-8333
Rhode Island 24 hr. hotline: 800 742-4453
South Carolina Dept. of Social Services Division of Child Protective and Preventive Services 803 734-5670
South Dakota Child Protective Services 605 773-3227
Tennessee Dept. of Human Services Child Protective Services 615 313-4746
Texas 24 hr. hotline: 800 252-5400
Utah 24 hr. hotline: 800 678-9399
Vermont Dept. of Social and Rehabilitation Services 802 241-2131
Virginia 24 hr. in state hotline: 800 552-7096
Washington 24 hr. hotline: 800 562-5624
West Virginia 24 hr. hotline: 800 352-6513
Wisconsin Dept. of Health and Social Services 608 266-3036
Wyoming In-State Reporting: 307 777-7922



Child Abuse: Just One Story

Child Abuse Introduction   |   Signs of Child Abuse

Child Abuse Statistics   |   It’s Under Reported

Effects of Child Abuse on Children: Abuse General

Effects of Child Abuse on Children: Child Sexual Abuse

Injuries to Children: Physical and Sexual Abuse

Effects of Child Abuse on Adults: Childhood Abuse

Effects of Child Abuse on Adults: Childhood Sexual Abuse

Definition of Physical Abuse   |   Signs of Physical Abuse

Definition of Sexual Abuse   |   Signs of Sexual Abuse

Definition of Child Neglect   |   Signs of Child Neglect

Definition of Emotional Abuse   |   Signs of Emotional Abuse

Abusers   |   Pedophiles

Child Physical Abuse and Corporal Punishment

Treatment for Child Abuse

Costs to Society



State Child Abuse Laws

Nationwide Crisis Line and Hotline Directory

National Non-Governmental Organizations and Links

U.S. Government Organizations and Links